History of the Spitz Family

Ancient Seal c 3,000 BCAncient Seal c 3,000 BC

Archaeological evidence suggests that as far back as the 'Neolithic' period (3,000 BC) medium sized 'Spitzlike' dogs lived in close proximity with humans. Fossil remains of this period from this Bronze Age people have been found among remains of pile dwellers in many parts of Europe and Scandinavia. Originally called Esquimaux dogs, when domesticated they became our family of Spitz breeds[1].

Some of these were dogs used to pull sleds through the snow while others, according to the evidence of Peat Dogs, were used to herd sheep. Some of this family still exist in the wild on the continents of Europe, Asia, Australia and throughout the Americas. Many of today's pure-breeds are genetically similar to and can be traced directly back to this wolf ancestry.

References and Further Reading

[1] Alice Gatacre, 'The Keeshond' Published by London Country Life Ltd 1938 'The Keeshond in History and Art' Page 1. Illustration in an article called 'Anitquity' by Dr Max Hiltsheimer from the German 'Zeitshrift fur Hundeforschung'