Sled Dogs of the Arctic

Sled DogsSled DogsFor thousands of years, when indigenous peoples of Northern Eurasia wished to travel across the ice and snow, they used teams of large, powerful dogs that were descended from the wolf, to pull them and their goods along in a sled. In this way, ancient people travelled across the land bridge which separated the continents of Asia and the North America.

Dog SleddingDog Sledding

These sled dogs had the legendary ability to withstand the cold. From observation of their skeletons, they weighed up to 80 pounds and had thick necks and deep chests but short strong legs. By the 1860s these were described by early Euro-American explorers as having bushy tails, erect ears, and intelligent expression. These dogs would 'dance with excitement and raise their voices with unmelodious strains' as soon as a sled was brought out. The teams consisted of 5 - 7 dogs and were usually fed on meat from seals or walruses.

Sled Dogs From Wiki

The Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race

In order to understand how these dogs worked, we shall begin with a story about the world's most famous dog sled competition, the Iditarod Trial Sled Dog Race, held in Alaska, USA. On March 30, 1867, America purchased Alaska from Russia for $7.2 million. Gold was discovered some 20 years later. Dog sledding then became even more significant for hauling ... »» Read more...

Alaskan Malamute head 1

Alaskan Malamute

The Alaskan Malamute is the sled dog that was described by early Euro-American explorers. They gave the impression of being powerfully built. Their deep, chest and and strong, well-muscled body that ended with a bushy tail that was carried well over the back. Consequently the tail resembled a waving plume. Today, the Alaskan Malamute should still display their active, but ... »» Read more...

Siberian Husky

Siberian Husky

The Siberian Husky was developed by the Chukchi people who are native to the Chukchi Peninsula which is so far north that the Arctic Circle runs right through it. The Chukchi Peninsula is so called because it is bounded by the Chukchi and Bering Seas. This Peninsula is also so far east, it is the closest point in Russia to ... »» Read more...

Alaskan Malamute Profile REV

Alaskan Malamute and Siberian Husky Comparison

The difference in specific breed characteristics are summarised in the table below: »» Read more...

Samoyed Open Dog


Although the Samoyed is a strong, active working dog that can be used to pull a sled, unlike the other breeds discussed in this section,sledding was not the Samoyed's primary purpose. Instead the Samoyed dog was originally developed to guard and gently herd the flocks of reindeer that belonged to the nomadic Samoyede people who lived in eastern Siberian Arctic. ... »» Read more...